Environment & Energy

Environment & Energy news from 90.5 WESA.

Natural Gas From Shale Could Worsen Climate Change

Jan 19, 2012

Instead of being an answer to climate change, shale gas might actually be a major generator of greenhouse emissions.

According to a new study done by three Cornell University researchers, the problem with shale gas is the amount of methane it releases into the atmosphere.

But there is still debate over the impact of a ton of methane compared to a ton of carbon dioxide. Methane has a half-life of 10 years, while carbon dioxide has a half-life of decades. So shale gas supporters say any methane released in the atmosphere will disappear faster than carbon dioxide.

Changing Priorities: Science Funding Slashed Under Corbett Administration

Jan 19, 2012

Members of Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbet administration routinely insist their Marcellus Shale drilling policy is based on science.

EPA Charts Greenhouse Emissions from Big Operations

Jan 12, 2012

In 2008 Congress tasked the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with creating a first-of-its-kind, national, comprehensive greenhouse gas reporting system. On Thursday, the agency released the facility level greenhouse gas data to the public.

Gina McCarthy with the EPA's Office of Air and Radiation said the data is a boon to those who want to chart and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

Local Power Plant May Undergo Clean Changes

Jan 11, 2012

The Homer City power plant in Indiana County might lose its reputation for being one of the dirtiest coal-fired power plants in America with a proposed installation of pollution controls.

Doug McFarlan, Vice President of Public Affairs for Edison Mission Energy (EME), which owns and operates the plant, unveiled the plan at a four-hour open house in Homer City.

Water Well Rules Proposed for Pennsylvania

Jan 10, 2012

A Pennsylvania lawmaker says that more than 20,000 private water wells are drilled every year in Pennsylvania, but a lack of regulations means that there's nothing to ensure water quality for homeowners. Water quality has been a focus in the ongoing Marcellus shale drilling debate.

The Stonycreek River, running from Cambria into Somerset County, is Pennsylvania's 2012 River of the Year. The river's corridor, located in the Laurel Highlands, is home to the Forbes Trail, the Flight 93 National Memorial, Greenhouse Park, and Whitewater Park.

The Stonycreek was chosen by online voters from among four nominees, including the Kiskiminetas, the Middle Monongahela, and Upper Juniata Rivers. Last year's winner was eastern Pennsylvania's Delaware River.

Citizens for Pennsylvania's Future (PennFuture) is asking the Pennsylvania Department of General Services (DGS) to release the findings of a review done on the Guaranteed Energy Savings Act (GESA).

Powdermill Grabs $730K Grant

Jan 6, 2012

The Carnegie Museum's Center for Biodiversity and Ecosystems and Powdermill Nature Reserve has been awarded a $730,000 dollar grant by the Richard King Mellon Foundation. The grant will be used to expand the Center and the Laurel Highlands based Reserve, which just celebrated 50 years of research in 2011.

At the Allegheny County Board of Health meeting on Wednesday, one Bellevue resident told the board to be strict in its punishment of Shenango, Inc., a coke battery which was recently cited and fined many times for air pollution.

Nonprofit consultant William Bartlett said that Bellevue's Northgate School District has an asthma rate of nearly 37 percent, much higher than the state average, and he said that Shenango is to blame for much of the air pollution that led to the high asthma rate.

PennEnvironment and the Sierra Club have filed suit against PPG Industries over what they say are ongoing violations of the federal Clean Water Act. Erika Staaf is a clean water advocate for PennEnvironment. She said that the lawsuit singles out the Ford City waste site, which is about 50 miles northeast of Pittsburgh in Armstrong County. The site covers nearly 150 acres and includes 77 acres of waste slurry lagoons. Staaf said that the slurry in those lagoons contain high levels of metals.

Pittsburgh residents can drop off their old Christmas trees at four locations across the city as part of the Department of Public Works' annual holiday recycling program.

Pittsburgh Recycling Supervisor Sean Wigle said that he expects thousands of trees to be dropped off at the Public Works stations in the East End, Hazelwood, the West End, and the Strip District.

He said that the evergreens will be composted or mulched by a contractor. A percentage of the material will be used in Pittsburgh's parks and other city property.

Most of the attention about the drilling in the Marcellus Shale formation in Pennsylvania has focused on job creation or the suspected negative impact on water from hydraulic fracturing (fracking) or on air quality from released natural gas, as well as the stress on roads from trucks hauling water to and from well pads.

Stormwater Utilities Might Become More Popular

Dec 27, 2011

On days when the region sees heavy rain, many creeks and streams jump their banks and a slew of sewage systems overflow, pumping raw waste into the region's rivers. The federal government is trying to eliminate those overflows and has entered into consent decrees with many of the region's sewage utilities.

The leader of the Marcellus Shale Coalition said that the past year was a mixed bag for Pennsylvania's shale gas industry, and she expects more of the same next year.

Coalition President Kathryn Klaber said that the industry added 200,000 new jobs in Pennsylvania in 2011, and expanded shale gas infrastructure across the state. However, she said that she's disappointed that the legislature didn't pass a set of statewide laws to regulate industry practices.

Christmas Bird Count Underway

Dec 23, 2011

The Pennsylvania Game Commission is inviting wildlife enthusiasts to help in the Audubon Society's 112th Annual Christmas Bird Count. Last year, 62,624 people counted more than 60 million birds throughout the United States, Canada, and Latin America.

Game Commission spokesman Jerry Feaser said that information gathered during the event is very helpful.

A Texas-based company is moving forward with plans to build a pipeline to transmit natural gas from the Marcellus Shale formation in Pennsylvania to distributors along the eastern seaboard.

The Williams Company of Houston has filed a pre-application with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to review its preliminary plans to construct the 258-mile pipeline from West Virginia through southern Pennsylvania, including Somerset and Bedford Counties.

The PennFuture Center for Enterprise and the Environment commissioned a study detailing the impacts of Act 129 on the state's families and businesses. The report, conducted by Optimal Energy, found that the law succeeded in its goal of cutting energy demand [PDF].

For several years now, Duquesne University has used a cogeneration plant driven by waste heat from its heating and cooling facility to cover 80 percent of its electricity needs. The remaining 20 percent was supplemented through wind power. About one third of that wind power was generated in Pennsylvania, the rest was from out of state.

Starting this month, the university has switched to getting all of that wind energy from sources within Pennsylvania. That energy plan, said university officials, makes the campus unique.

Is it more environmentally friendly to have an artificial tree, or to cut a real one down? The debate is rehashed year after year — in the media, in the industry, and in who knows how many living rooms. But more often that not, the debate ends, the season passes, and the average consumer is still left in the dark. This year we looked for some answers.

Charlene Lepant said that every year she has one of each: an artificial tree and a real one.

Green Holiday Gift Ideas

Dec 16, 2011

If you're shopping for the eco-conscious on your holiday list, your first instinct might be to go online. But in larger cities like Pittsburgh, several shops are offering a growing number of products considered to be "green."

"These necklaces are recycled liquor bottles. There's wine bottles, you can see Absolut bottles on some of them," said Rebecca Morris. "She basically takes and cuts out different interesting shapes, hearts or teardrop shapes, and puts them onto a chain."

Morris likes to stock recycled goods as much as possible her boutique, WildCard in Lawrenceville.

Turnpike to Become More Electric-Vehicle Friendly

Dec 15, 2011

By the end of next year, the Pennsylvania Turnpike service plazas east of Harrisburg will have working electric vehicle charging stations, with all 17 of the turnpike's plazas expected to offer charging stations by the end of 2013.

Kevin Sunday, a spokesman for the state's Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), said that there will be two types of chargers.

"Each turnpike service plaza will get two Level III charging stations that can charge a battery in as little as 20 minutes, and one Level II charging station that can charge in up to four hours," Sunday said.

Members of Clean Water Action and several Neville Island area residents gathered at the entrance to the Shenango Inc. Coke plant to hand-deliver a letter to the plant manager. They're asking Steven Guzy to hold a public accountability meeting to address concerns about air pollution.

A recent report released by the Allegheny County Health Department shows that 37.6 percent of all students in the Northgate School District, which serves Avalon and Bellevue, have asthma. This is a major concern for Bellevue resident Bill Bartlett.

StateImpact Maps the Marcellus Boom

Dec 13, 2011

StateImpact Pennsylvania, a partnership beteween NPR and local public radio stations, has created in interactive web app aimed at helping users visualize a vast body of data on Marcellus Shale gas drilling in the state.

"This is an application that tracks every single producing Marcellus shale well in Pennsylvania," said StateImpact reporter Scott Detrow, who covers the Marcellus. "It tells you who owns the well, how much gas is produced, and whether there are any violations."

Wind power represents one of the fastest growing manufacturing sectors in the U.S., and now employs more than 75,000 people nationwide. But a federal tax incentive that benefits the wind industry is set to expire, leading advocates to urge its extension.

EPA Blames Fracking for Wyoming Groundwater Contamination

Dec 9, 2011

For the first time, federal environmental regulators have made a direct link between the controversial drilling practice known as hydraulic fracturing and groundwater contamination.

The EPA released on Thursday its draft investigation results on water pollution in the Wyoming town of Pavilion.

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection announced that companies involved in Marcellus natural gas drilling in the state must submit data on their facilities' air emissions for 2011. The agency is asking 99 operators to respond. These are companies involved in natural gas development, production, transmission, and processing.

"We use this information as a metric, as a look ahead, as a monitor," said DEP Secretary Mike Krancer. "It's sort of the same reason you go to a doctor. You take an EKG, and if everything isn't OK, you need to address that."

A Sunny Day For PennFuture

Dec 7, 2011

The environmental activist group PennFuture received a $315,697 grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to help promote and advance the use of solar energy in Western Pennsylvania.

PennFuture Vice President Heather Sage said that the application process was rigorous and only 22 grants were given nationwide.

The environmental watchdog group PennFuture is reporting that Pennsylvania gives the oil, gas, and coal industry around $2.9 billion in subsidies every year. Most of those subsidies come in the form of tax exemptions, tax credits, and grants. Christina Simeone heads PennFuture's Center for Enterprise and the Environment, and said that figure is probably low, because many line items do not disclose a monetary value. She says that lawmakers talk about letting the free market determine industry winners and losers, but state policy says otherwise.

Salts From Drilling, a Drinking Water Danger, Still Showing Up in Rivers

Dec 2, 2011

Standing on a catwalk over a pool of water near the banks of the Ohio River, Frank Blaskovich points at a series of pipes draining into the far end of the pool.

"There, that's the river water coming in," says Blaskovich, water treatment manager for Wheeling, West Virginia.

His job is to take water from the Ohio River and make it into safe drinking water for his city of 30,000. But since 2008, the Ohio has been too salty, so he's had to dilute it with groundwater from backup wells. Blaskovich doesn't like doing this, because each added step costs money.

“Tulips Will Be Just Fine”

Nov 30, 2011

If you're worried because you've seen cherry trees blooming in downtown Pittsburgh, magnolia buds about to burst, and tulip leaves coming up in the garden, put your mind at rest.

Mike Masiuk, director of the Penn State Extension in Allegheny County, said that there's a cherry tree cultivar that blooms in both fall and spring, and it's not unusual to see tulip foliage or magnolia blooms in a mild fall. He said that the growth that looks premature and vulnerable will make it through the winter and perform as expected in the spring.