All Things Considered en Maine City Council Votes To Keep Tar Sands Out Of Its Port South Portland, Maine, is known as the place where Liberty ships were built by tens of thousands of workers during World War II. Now, the city's waterfront is home to an oil terminal and the beginning of a 236-mile-long pipeline.<p>For more than 70 years, the Portland Montreal Pipeline Corp. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 22:51:00 +0000 Susan Sharon 33055 at Maine City Council Votes To Keep Tar Sands Out Of Its Port Pop Quiz: 20 Percent Chance Of Rain. Do You Need An Umbrella? This week, <em>All Things Considered</em> is exploring <a href="" target="_blank">how people interpret probability</a>. What does it mean to us, for example, when a doctor says an operation has a <a href="" target="_blank">70 percent chance of success?</a><p>One of the most common encounters with percent probabilities has to do with weather. Take a moment to consider the question below. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 21:47:00 +0000 editor 33051 at Pop Quiz: 20 Percent Chance Of Rain. Do You Need An Umbrella? Book Review: 'Angels Make Their Hope Here' Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDRED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel. Now to 19th-century New Jersey and a new novel. It set among unusually tolerant people. A racially mixed community that offers refuge to independent souls. Alan Cheuse has this review of the novel "Angels Make Their Hope Here" by Breena Clarke.<p>ALAN CHEUSE, BYLINE: Clarke calls her Jersey Shangri-La, Russell’s Knob. Where a black community elder named Duncan Smoot heads a couple of families. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 21:47:00 +0000 Alan Cheuse 33052 at D.C. Washington's Voice Shines On The Diamond In Nation's Capital During a recent visit to a Washington Nationals game, Robert Siegel was struck by the singer of the national anthem — by both his smooth baritone and his curiously apt name: D.C. Washington. So, he invited Washington into the studio for a conversation and a few songs. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:56:00 +0000 editor 33049 at VA Nominee Steps Before Senate Committee Robert McDonald, President Obama's nominee to run the troubled Department of Veterans Affairs, is appearing before the Senate for his confirmation hearing. He faces the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee, which will vote on whether to send his nomination to the Senate floor. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit<img src=""/></div><p> Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:53:00 +0000 Ailsa Chang 33046 at Near Crash Site, Stories Of The Jet Cleave Closely To Russian Version Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>U.S. intelligence officials outlined today what they know so far about the downing of the Malaysian Airlines flight in Ukraine. A U.S. spy satellite detected the launch of a surface to air missile from eastern Ukraine at the time the plane went down.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>They were also able to verify the identities of separatist leaders on an intercepted phone call. But U.S. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:50:00 +0000 Corey Flintoff 33047 at Newark Police Placed Under Federal Microscope For Rampant Misconduct Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>New Jersey's largest police force is getting a federal monitor. An investigation has found that the Newark police repeatedly violated residents' civil rights. Sarah Gonzalez of member station WNYC reports.<p>SARAH GONZALEZ, BYLINE: An investigation by the Department of Justice and the state's U.S. Attorney's office found that police in Newark have been stealing drugs and money from the narcotics unit, stopping and arresting black men and women at a disproportionate rate and using excessive force. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:14:00 +0000 editor 33032 at A Spicy Take On An Old Standby: This Ketchup's Ripe For Return When life gives you tomatoes, make ketchup. With those fruits of the vine in high season, <em>All Things Considered</em> reaches into the archives for an heirloom tomato ketchup recipe, which produces a spicy sauce you'll likely not to find anywhere else. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:14:00 +0000 editor 33041 at The Polish Case For Tougher Russia Sanctions Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>European foreign ministers met in Brussels today and agreed to expand the list of Russian individuals and entities targeted for destabilizing Ukraine. They're also preparing a list of other options including limits on dual technology sales and measures targeting the financial and energy sectors. One vocal advocate of tougher sanctions is Radek Sikorski, the foreign minister of Poland. Poland buys natural gas from Russia, and he told me that a better European energy policy can drive down the price that Europeans pay for that gas. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:14:00 +0000 editor 33042 at Net Neutrality, Shall I Compare Thee To A Highway? A Showerhead? <p></p><p></p> Mon, 21 Jul 2014 22:35:00 +0000 NPR Staff 32979 at Net Neutrality, Shall I Compare Thee To A Highway? A Showerhead? This Year, Avignon Festival Is A Stage For Both Plays And Protest Every July, for one month a year, the southern French city of Avignon becomes a theater. Actors, directors and playwrights converge on the walled, medieval town, where thespians perform in every playhouse, opera house, church and even in the streets. It's all part of the Avignon Theater Festival, which was started in 1947 by renowned French actor and director Jean Vilar.<p>"The main idea is that culture is not only for rich people but for everybody," says dramatist Olivier Py, director of this year's 68th Avignon Festival. "That was quite a change. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 21:08:00 +0000 Eleanor Beardsley 32975 at This Year, Avignon Festival Is A Stage For Both Plays And Protest What The Odds Fail To Capture When A Health Crisis Hits How well do we understand and act on probabilities that something will happen? A 30 percent chance of this or an 80 percent chance of that?<p>As it turns out, making decisions based on the odds can be an extremely difficult thing to do, even for people who study the science of how we make decisions.<p><a href="" target="_blank">Brian Zikmund-Fisher</a> would know. He teaches about risk and probability at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 21:06:00 +0000 Robert Siegel 32971 at What The Odds Fail To Capture When A Health Crisis Hits If You're A College Man Who Hasn't Shared His Bed, You're Not Alone Freelance writer Noah Berlatsky talks about sex in college — or, rather, not having sex in college. Berlatsky was among the 10 percent of students who remain virgins throughout college, and this felt to him like an embarrassment — and a knock against his masculinity. But, he realized in time, it made him no less or more a man. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 21:02:00 +0000 editor 32976 at In Bloody Battle, Medal Of Honor Recipient Held His Post Alone Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>At the White House today, President Obama awarded the nation's highest award for combat bravery. He presented the Medal of Honor to former Sergeant Ryan Pitts. In 2008, Pitts fought off a large Taliban force at an Afghan outpost. He did this for a time alone and wounded until the Americans could turn the tide of the battle.<p>PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: As one of his teammates said, had it not been for Ryan Pitts, that post almost certainly would've been overrun.<p>SIEGEL: Today, Pitts is married with a young son and lives in New Hampshire. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 20:30:00 +0000 Tom Bowman 32967 at Tenuous Progress At Jet's Crash Site, As Clashes Flare Close By The first Dutch investigators have reached the crash site of the Malaysian airliner shot down in eastern Ukraine. Meanwhile, fighting broke out in the outskirts of Donetsk between separatists and armed groups supporting the government in Kiev. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit<img src=""/></div><p> Mon, 21 Jul 2014 20:28:00 +0000 Robert Siegel 32958 at Teenage Songwriters Take On 'Bro-Country' No theme has dominated country radio playlists and charts more in the past couple of years than celebration of the sort of small-town good life that features trucks, beer and scantily clad women as the must-have accessories. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 20:28:00 +0000 NPR Staff 32968 at Teenage Songwriters Take On 'Bro-Country' Despite California's Drought, Taps Still Flowing In LA County This January, after the driest calendar year in California history, Gov. Jerry Brown declared a drought emergency. He called on residents to reduce their water intake by 20 percent.<p>But downtown Los Angeles doesn't look<em> </em>like a city devastated by the state's worst drought in decades. The city is green with landscaping, and fountains are running. Sun, 20 Jul 2014 23:00:00 +0000 NPR Staff 32922 at Despite California's Drought, Taps Still Flowing In LA County Actor James Garner Of 'Rockford Files' Dies Transcript <p>KELLY MCEVERS, HOST: <p>OK, we don't to let that play much longer for you to know where we're going with this - the theme from "The Rockford Files" and a few seconds to remember actor, James Garner. He died yesterday at home, here in Los Angeles. He was 86. A native of Oklahoma, Garner was a Korean War vet. He got his start in Hollywood with small parts in Westerns. Sun, 20 Jul 2014 21:31:00 +0000 editor 32919 at Death Toll Climbs In Israel-Gaza Conflict Amid Attempts At Cease-Fire Israel widened its operation into Gaza Sunday and each side had the highest death toll of this two-week-old conflict. NPR's Kelly McEvers talks to Daniel Estrin in Jerusalem about this deadly day. Sun, 20 Jul 2014 21:31:00 +0000 editor 32920 at Sixth-Grader's Science Fair Finding Shocks Ecologists When 12-year-old Lauren Arrington heard about her sixth-grade science project, she knew she wanted to study lionfish. Growing up in Jupiter, Fla., she saw them in the ocean while snorkeling and fishing with her dad.<p>Her project showed that the lionfish can survive in nearly fresh water. The results blew away professional ecologists. Sun, 20 Jul 2014 21:31:00 +0000 NPR Staff 32921 at Sixth-Grader's Science Fair Finding Shocks Ecologists As Superheroes Go Mainstream, Comic Cons Get Corporate Darren Tompkins attended his first comic convention (or comic con) in Roanoke, Va., back in the mid-1980s. At the time, these gatherings were only for die-hard comic fans — people who might invest in a Batman or Joker costume to wear once a year.<p>"Really, it was just a small ballroom filled with cardboard boxes," Tompkins says. "I mean, there weren't any actors or famous people or panels or anything. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 22:18:00 +0000 editor 32897 at As Superheroes Go Mainstream, Comic Cons Get Corporate Learning To Love The Ocean After A Lifetime Of Fearing It Tim Bomba is a tall, rangy guy with a quick smile and a penchant for off-color jokes. He's a marathoner, a triathlete (he's done two Ironman races), and every Wednesday morning for the last decade, Bomba has taught a ocean swimming course in Santa Monica, Calif.<p>The course, called Ocean 101, isn't for accomplished swimmers like Bomba. It's for people who are new to the ocean, and many participants are afraid of the water when they arrive. Bomba knows what they're going through. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 21:05:00 +0000 NPR Staff 32892 at Learning To Love The Ocean After A Lifetime Of Fearing It Community Groups Help Immigrants Settle Amid Political, Legal Turmoil Transcript <p>KELLY MCEVERS, HOST: <p>It's ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR West. I'm Kelly McEver's.<p>(SOUNDBITE OF RECORDING)<p>UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: The following message will be repeated in Spanish and English.<p>MCEVERS: Let's say you're from Central America. You live here in the U.S. Your child, your niece, your cousin who's just cross the border, alone - one of the tens of thousands of children who cross into the U.S. this year. How do you find them? Sat, 19 Jul 2014 21:05:00 +0000 editor 32894 at With Malaysia Airlines Crash, A Loss For AIDS Research Transcript <p>KELLY MCEVERS, HOST: <p>Malaysia Airlines has released the manifest of passengers who were on that plane that crashed in Eastern Ukraine. We know that many of them were bound for the world's largest AIDS conference in Australia. At the opening of the conference yesterday there was a moment of silence to remember those who had died. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 21:05:00 +0000 editor 32895 at At Crash Site In Ukraine, Rebels Restrict International Monitors Separatist rebels at the site of the shot down Malaysia Airlines jet in Eastern Ukraine have been giving restricted access to international monitors Saturday. Corey Flintoff speaks with NPR's Kelly McEvers from Donetsk on the effort and the outcry over the slow pace of the body recovery and evidence gathering. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 21:05:00 +0000 editor 32896 at