Community Design for Changing Demographics
“If a city were a human body, then blight is a disease.”
Like many other older industrial cities, the Pittsburgh region has its share of blight. According to the most recent data from the 2010 census, there are more than 50 thousand vacant houses in Allegheny County. For more than a century, federal, state and city governments have tried to address the issue.
90.5 WESA’s Larkin Paige-Jacobs recently reported on a new generation of tools is being used to try and clean up blighted neighborhoods.
Key to this fight is Land Bank legislation which Mayor Bill Peduto urged city council to pass in order to expedite the claiming of blighted and abandoned property.
"The land bank allows the city to quickly acquire and bundle tax delinquent properties to sell to home developers, rather than the piecemeal and time-consuming approach neighborhood development corporations had taken."
In our quest to battle blight, how can neighborhood improvements accommodate the current residents and the next generation? How can we revitalize in a way that's adaptive to changing demographics? The Design Center helps local neighborhoods create community driven development plans.
We talked about this with Chris Koch, interim CEO of the Design Center, along with project consultants Rob Pfaffmann, an architect and designer, and Todd Poole, Managing principal and president of 4Ward Planning.
Chris Koch explained how the Design Center balances the developer’s desire for a return on their investment while not driving people out of their communities.
“We want developers in our communities, but there’s anxiety that comes with development. How do we help the communities navigate that? Everything has to be a compromise. When its developer driven, the community doesn't get to be part of the conversation. So it’s finding a way for both groups to come to the table and work with our designers in the city of Pittsburgh to find solutions that work for everybody.”
Rob Pfaffmann detailed how site development decisions were made by studying different neighborhoods and their changing demographics.
“We first have to understand, about those demographic trends, not only where they are now but where are they going to be 20 years from now? We take that back to developers and community groups and look at the types of housing were going to build, for example, and how does that housing get built? What are the mechanics of it? Each neighborhood has a different answer to that. But what we’re seeing are trends that relate to family size getting smaller, the nature of Millennials coming back to the city, and empty nesters coming back to the city, all those have an impact on the type of things we design and build.”