In Pennsylvania, seven out of 10 workers don't have a college degree. That's a demographic that has been particularly hard hit by unemployment and wage declines since the 1980s.
This is according to the left-leaning Keystone Research Center's annual report, The State of Working Pennsylvania, found that white men without college degrees earn $5.31/hour less than they did in 1980. (All numbers have been adjusted for inflation.) African-American men without college degrees saw a decline of $5.17/hour. Since African-American men earn less than white men overall, that represents a larger percent wage decline.
College educated men have seen wages stagnate since the early 2000s. That's a change from the decades of improvement this demographic saw before.
"We've heard a lot in the general election campaign ... about the working class [with] less than a college degree not doing well," said Mark Price, labor economist for Keystone Research Center. "I think it's also important to remember that the economy has shifted in a fundamental way also for folks with a college degree."
There is one group that has seen improvement since the 1980s: women. White and African-American women with college degrees saw wages steadily increase since 1980, 41 percent and 39 percent respectively. African-American women without college degrees have seen wages increase as well. They earn almost $2.50/hour more than similarly-educated white women in Pennsylvania.
Despite these improvements, women still earn less than men in similar demographic groups.